With the tension in the Middle East, one more hot spot only adds fuel to a region already suffering from the fires of upheavals and violence. India and Pakistan have been in conflict over Kashmir since the 1940s. The two countries have fought two wars over Kashmir with the 1999 clash raising the specter of nuclear war.
Today the area includes the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir consisting of the Kashmir valley, Jammu and Ladakh; the Pakistani-administered provinces of the Northern Areas and Azad Kashmir, and the Chinese-administered region of Aksai Chin.
Although tensions still exist between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, more than half the citizens of each country have indicated that they are willing to look at resolutions for Kashmir. They also show a willingness to have the Kashmiri people decide their own fate – even if that choice is independence. With the close proximity to other countries in turmoil, a fairly peaceful solution to Kashmir would be a welcome change for the region.
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